Be aware of the signs

SIGNS OF COLD INJURY IN DOGS AND CATS (HYPOTHERMIA)

Hypothermia can occur when pets are left to roam in excessively cold temperatures, left in cars, left in unheated homes, or when dogs are tied outside without shelter.

Body parts that can freeze on dogs and cats are predominantly paws, ears, tail and scrotum.

  • Capillary reflex time is over 1.5-2 seconds (push down on gums and release: the amount of time it takes for the gums to return to normal.)
  • Uncontrollable shivering
  • Decreased heart rate and breathing rate
  • Lethargy and uncoordinated movements
  • Tongue and gums bluish
  • Skin can be swollen, red, hard and painful
Actions for survival:
  • Keep animal calm
  • Do a snout-to-tail assessment to determine damage
  • Do not rub the affected area
  • Prepare to treat for shock
  • Monitor temperature
  • Contact a vet and transport pet ASAP if the pet does not respond to your efforts

SIGNS OF HEAT STROKE IN DOGS AND CATS (HYPERTHERMIA)

Hyperthermia can occur when dogs are tied outside without shelter or water, when cats and dogs are left in cars even on mild sunny days, or left in overheated and airless spaces and homes. Lack of water can be the tipping point between life and death.

  • Uncontrollable panting
  • Lethargy or uncoordinated movements
  • Foaming at the mouth
  • Excessive drooling (ptyalism)
  • Capillary refill time over 1,5-2 seconds (push down on gums and release: the amount of time it takes for the gums to return to normal.)
  • Reddened gums and tissues of the body such as the groin
  • Low or no urine production
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid heart rate
Actions for survival:
  • Keep animal calm
  • Dogs and cats cool themselves by panting, so beware of muzzling
  • Bathe with lukewarm to slightly cool water (be careful of hosing, since water temp may change from hot to cold in a hose)
  • Monitor Temperature
  • Treat for shock
  • Contact a vet and transport pet ASAP if the pet does not respond to your efforts

-adapted from PetTech

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